Create Slug for a string

Regular expression function that replaces spaces & special characters between words with hyphens

function create_slug($string) {
	// removing special characters from the string
	$slug = preg_replace('/[^A-Za-z0-9-]+/', '-', $string);
	// removing multiple - generated in slug
	$slug = preg_replace("/[\s-]+/", '-', $slug);
	// lower case slug string
	$slug = strtolower($slug);
	// removing - from the first & last place if any
	$slug = trim($slug, "-");
	return $slug;

echo create_slug(" This ~` is ?><:{}|\][;/.,]+_)(*&^%$#@!) 'MY TITLE' for------this post. ");

Redirecting client to single domain name.


Here is a problem where a site is hosted under different virtual hosts with different domain names.

VirtualHost1 is setup for
VirtualHost2 is setup for

And, we want to redirect to or show only domain to our clients.

Then, make some changes as below in main apache config file that is httpd.conf:

 <VirtualHost *:80>
  Redirect permanent /
<VirtualHost *:80>
 DocumentRoot /usr/local/apache/htdocs

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Regular Expression


Following are the important notations of regular expression:

[ ] matches only one character position with provided in between 
- it is used to match limit range of char or number provided in [ ] e.g [0-9]
^ it is used to negate the expression if it is inside of [ ] e.g [^fF]
^ outside [ ] means to match only at the begenning of target string
$ user to match at the end of target string
. used to match any char in this position
 escape character
? matches preceding char occurance 0 or 1 times only
* matches preceding char occurance 0 or more times only
+ matches preceding char occurance 1 or more times
{ } matches preceding char occurance n times exactly e.g [char]{n}

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